How terpenes can transform the skin
Terpenes are the aromatic oils that give each cannabis and hemp strain its individual fragrance and taste. These molecular compounds have also been known to carry an array of medicinal benefits. When combined with other cannabinoids and terpenes, there is synergistic healing, and each terpene has a unique character.
Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabidiol (CBD) terpenes interact with the Endocannabinoid System (ECS), a vast network of receptors located throughout the body and brain. The ECS responds to both endocannabinoids produced by the body and to the nearly identical cannabinoids in cannabis.
Known to ease discomfort and relax muscles, this is the go-to terpene when you’re looking to chill. One of the key players in the entourage effect, Myrcene has been shown to lower the blood/brain barrier, giving itself and cannabinoids a fast pass to the bloodstream. Myrcene is found in hops, mango, eucalyptus. bay leaves, and lemongrass.
D-limonene is a sunny skin mood booster. Common in citrus fruits and said to relieve depression and anxiety, it’s also a potent antioxidant and anti-inflammatory agent. This terpene can act as a “penetration enhancer” to help other terpenes absorb into the skin. Limonene provides a strong citrus aroma to lemons, oranges, grapefruits, limes, and other citrus fruits. Found in the rinds of citruses, it is the second most common terpene in nature and also the third most common terpene in cannabis.
Pinene is the most common terpene in the natural world. It is used for pain, inflammation and anxiety. It’s found in Pine Needles, Rosemary, Basil and Cannabis. Pinene is known to stimulate memory and alertness.
Bisabolol is a cannabis terpene boasting a delicately sweet and floral aroma with hints of citrus and spice.The anti-inflammatory and anti-microbial properties of Bisabolol can potentially treat a variety of skin conditions. Bisabolol acts as an antioxidant.
the hoppy one
Every beer lover knows the power of humulene, though they may never have heard of it. This common terpene is so abundant in the hops plant (Humulus lupulus) that it’s largely responsible for the flavor and aroma of all varieties of beer. Humulene is also found in many spices such as sage and ginger—and in cannabis, where it adds potent antibacterial and anti-inflammatory effects to cannabis products of all kinds.
We have Beta-Caryophyllene to thank for the spicy, peppery taste of black pepper and the woodsy smell of plants and oils like clove oil, copaifera oil, basil, hops, oregano, lavender, rosemary, and true cinnamon. Doctors say Beta-caryophyllene acts as a dietary cannabinoid because it binds to CB2 receptors to help provide therapeutic benefits for conditions like inflammation, pain, and osteoporosis.
Linalool is the most prominent terpene in lavender, and is very common in aromatherapy. It has a calming effect and a relaxing sensation to the body and mind. Linalool is used to promote a sense of serenity. It’s a terpene that is found in many fruits, flowers (including the rose), and spice plants like laurel, tangerine, spearmint, cypress, lemon and ylang-ylang.
the sweet one
Ocimene is recognized by its sweet, fragrant, herbaceous, and woody aromas. It is often used in perfumes for its pleasant odor. Naturally, this terpene acts as a shield for plants and possesses anti-fungal properties. Ocimene can be found in a variety of plants as well as fruits. Ocimene emerges naturally from vegetative plants such as pepper, basil, mint, orchids, and of course hemp.
Terpinolene has a woody kind of smoky note. Terpinolene acts as a sedative and also has antibacterial, anti-fungal, anti-insomnia, anti-proliferative, and antioxidant effects. It can be found in a variety of other fragrant plants such as tea tree, cumin, apples, conifers, and lilac. Terpinolene (specifically the isomer terpinen-4-ol) makes up over 40% of tea tree oil. It is responsible for its powerful antibacterial qualities and is the reason it is so helpful for banishing skin breakouts. Terpinolene is relaxing and restoring.
This terpene’s name may sound familiar because it’s derived from the geranium plant, the herb known for its citrus scent and insect-repelling properties. However, geraniol’s somewhat peculiar aroma brings in more subtle notes of rose and fruits, playing a softer role than the strong citrus smells of citronella oil that are found in geraniums. Geraniol can be found in: Rose oil, Lemongrass, Lemons, Peaches, Grapefruit, Oranges, Carrots, Coriander, Blueberries and Blackberries.